Immunohistochemistry (IHC), also known as immunostaining, is a routine but essential tool in diagnostic and research laboratories.
The process involves staining thin sections of tissues attached to individual glass slides. IHC staining makes it possible to selectively identify antigens in the cells of the tissue section through an antigen-antibodies binding process. The outcome allows you to visualize and document the high-resolution distribution and localization of specific cellular components within cells.
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining is widely and effectively used for diagnosing diseases such as abnormal cells in tissue samples from cancerous tumors.
IHC is also used in biological research in a variety different ways, including normal tissue and organ development, pathological processes, wound healing, cell death and repair, and understanding the distribution and localization of biomarkers, just to name a few.
IHC is also used in pharmaceutical research and development to provide highly accurate and objective evaluations for drug efficacy and safety.